LiiKan" is really two separate Chinese words
from one of the multitudes of dialects (Officially there are only 8 primary
languages!). They are the names of two
Ba Gua symbols,
which are from the Chinese classic book known as the I Ching.
Lii and Kan symbols represent respectively, the fire and water elements
of the Five
Element / Energy Phases Theory. However, they are also used to
represent the two Fire and Water elements of the Three Dancing
Wu Li Masters that are the basis of Yin-Yang theory and the
polarization of energy fields.
The Japanese language also has
the word Kan. In some dialects it means school, but it also means 'Long Life'.
Liikan Jitsu is
based on Shorinjitsu, which is the shortened style (nick)name for
Shorinji Kempo Jiu Jitsu. Shorinji Kempo means Chinese Boxing hence
the more familiar description of Kung Fu - Jiu Jitsu. Liikan Jitsu
has since been augmented and extended to include a variety of other
influences, particularly modern security and psychology disciplines. The order of the words
Lii and Kan in the English language
means that Jiu Jitsu is the primary component, in which Kung Fu
describes the type (flavour) of Jiu Jitsu practiced.
Jiu Jitsu (Ju
Jutsu) is variably translated as soft,
compliant, yielding, gentle or flexible (Jiu) techniques (Jitsu)
and is the main term used
for techniques. Other terms which were more widely used during
the earlier Japanese history are Yawara and Te (hand) or Tai (body)
Jitsu is also the word
used in Shiatsu (Japanese acupressure system) for 'Hard' as in the
manner in which the massage and healing technique should be
applied. This would vary according to the need for sedation
or activation/stimulation of the body system or patient in
actually the main term used to refer to techniques. Originally
this termed was translated into English as: 'Tricks'.
Given the nature of the systems taught and the schools'
teaching methods often seemed more like a collection or 'box
of tricks', this was perhaps often a more appropriate term.
This is exactly the type of comments that Uyenishi &
Jigoro Kano made when explaining what his system (Kodokan
Judo) and approach was about, and why he started to
Kung Fusimply means something that you achieve through hard work, but
these days (at least in the west) is generally used for referring to
the fighting / Martial Arts.
Wu Shu is the Chinese name
for Martial Arts and the name currently promoted by the
Chinese authorities in preference to Kung Fu, which is the
more popular term.
Wu - the Chinese character is an ideogram that portrays the Chinese Martial Arts philosophy. Wu
has two parts:
Zhi - means Do not do, whilst: ()
Ge - resembles an ancient weapon and gives the idea of Fighting.
means DO NOT FIGHT.
All in a name -
Kung Fu, Wu Shu, Jiu Jitsu, ju Jutsu, Kung Fu Jiu Jitsu, Shorinjitsu or Liikan
Jitsu - at the end of the day it is just as Bruce Lee stated many times, 'It
just a name!'